Friendship Animal Hospital, P.C.

9825 S. Mason Rd., Suite 150
Richmond, TX 77406

(281)239-6500

friendshipah.com

Adult Dog Preventive Care Guidelines

Exams and Vaccinations

Adult dogs need regular (semiannual) check ups to:

  • Obtain a thorough physical exam to identify problems early, particularly paying attention to common problems such as inappropriate weight gain, periodontal disease, and other medical conditions
  • evaluate for parasites and implement a healthy parasite control program that protects both the dog and the family
  • implement a vaccine series to protect from preventable infectious diseases
  • discuss any behavior or other health concerns

 

Vaccines

 

  • DA2PP (Distemper/ Adenovirus type 2/ Para influenza/ Parvo) vaccine:
    • Core vaccine (all dogs need this)
    • Every 3 years after the initial booster series
  • Rabies vaccine:
    • Core vaccine (all dogs need this)
    • Every three years AFTER completing a booster no more than 1 year after the initial vaccine
    • ***NOTE: Some local jurisdictions still require annual boosters, which legally takes precedent over Texas law that allows 3 year rabies vaccine intervals if using a vaccine labeled for 3 years.
  • Kennel cough (Bordetella)
    • For dogs who go to boarding/grooming facilities, doggie day care, dog parks, or who may be admitted to a hospital (i.e. for spaying/neutering)
    • Boost every 6 months if indicated by risk of exposure.
  • Leptospira vaccine
    • For dogs who go to places where small mammal wildlife has access, such as dog parks, neighborhood fields, bayous, ponds, the country, or who have open land bordering their yards.
    • The risk of vaccine reaction is higher with this vaccine, so we may not administer it at the same time as the rabies vaccine.
    • Initial vaccine must be boosted in 3-4 weeks, then yearly if risk continues.

American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Vaccine Guidelines available at www.HealthyPet.com

 

 

Parasite Control

 

Monthly heartworm preventive

  • Needed for all dogs, once a month, year round
  • Sentinel
    • Controls heartworms, hookworms, roundworms, whipworms, and fleas
    • Recommended for most dogs
  • IverHeart Max
    • Controls heartworms, hookworms, roundworms, and tapeworms
    • Recommended for dogs with a lapse in monthly prevention
  • Other choices exist and can be discussed as needed

 

Heartworm Test

  • once a year if taking monthly heartworm preventive

 

American Heartworm Society Guidelines and info available at www.heartwormsociety.org

 

Fecal Examination by Centrifugation

  • 2 times a year for routine screening
  • Commonly found parasites:
    • Hookworms ? contagious to people
    • Roundworms ? contagious to people
    • Whipworms
    • Giardia ? contagious to people (not proven if direct transmission from dogs, but possible)
    • Coccidia
    • Tapeworms

Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) Guidelines and info available at www.petsandparasites.com

 

 

Nutrition

Feed a quality diet that is appropriate for the size and lifestyle

(I.e. large breed food, small bites, etc.)

?        Make sure the food has an AAFCO (American Association of Feed Control Officials) stating that the food meets the requirements based on feeding trials.

?        Choose food companies that keep a board certified veterinary nutrition specialist on staff.

?        Monitor body weight and body condition scores and adjust calorie intake as needed. 

?        Remember to count calories from treats when adjusting intake

?        Body Condition Scoring, 1-5:

1 = emaciated                  4 = over ideal weight (losing waist definition,

2 = too thin                              excess padding over ribs, hips, &/or tail base 

3 = ideal                           5 = obese (no waist definition, ribs hard to feel)

Dental Hygiene

Regular dental hygiene can prevent, or slow the progression of periodontal disease, which is one of the most common medical conditions of adult dogs.

Various hygiene options exist and can include:

  • CET chews daily
    • Don?t add significant calories
    • Tooth cleaning enzyme
    • Antibacterial
  • Dental diets
    • Science Diet Oral Care
    • Hill?s T/D diet
    • Various others, both prescription and over the counter
  • Toothbrushing
    • Fluoride free, flavored
  • Dental treats
    • Greenies, others